EnglishPod - Turn left here!

12

E: Hello English learners! And welcome to EnglishPod! My name's Erica and I'm here withMarco? Marco, hurry up!

M: I'm coming!

E: Hurry up, Marco, we've got a lesson!

M: Oh, okay, I'm here, I'm here, what did I miss?

E: Uh, the lesson.

M: Hehe. Alright, sorry about that. Um, we have a great lesson for you today. We have an elementary lesson.

E: That's right, an elementary lesson about being in a rush and about giving directions when you're in a car.

M: Exactly.

E: We're going to listen to two friends who are getting in a car and they're getting ready to go somewhere and they're in a big hurry. So, let's hurry up and listen to the dialogue.

DIALOGUE, FIRST TIME

M: So, they were in a hurry and it was all just to get to the library.

E: Well, maybe he was late returning a book or something.

M: Hehe. That's a bit dramatic just for returning a book.

E: Yeah.

M: Alright, why don't we look at ourlanguage takeawayfor today?

Voice: Language takeaway.

M: Okay, on today's language takeaway we have five words for you today, five really important and useful words that we found in our dialogue. So, let's take a look at the first onestep on it.

E: Step on it.

M: Step on it.

E: Step on it.

M: So, what does it mean when I tell you to step on it?

E: Drive faster.

M: Drive faster, right?

E: Uhu.

M: Step on it.

E: Exactly, you might also sayspeed up”.

M: Speed up, yes.

E: Speed up.

M: That's exactly it! Our second wordspeed up.

E: Also meansgo faster”.

M: Go faster. And what about the opposite?

E: You might sayslow down”.

M: Slow down.

E: Yeah.

M: Okay, so, speed up and slow down.

E: So, our third word for today is having a fit.

M: Having a fit.

E: Having a fit.

M: Having a fit.

E: Well, this a funny phrase and I think listening to a few examples of this phrase might help us understand its meaning a little bit better.

Voice: Example one.

A: Jeez! You don't need to have a fit. Nothing is going to happen if we're five minutes late.

Voice: Example two.

B: My boss is going to have a fit if I don't finish this on time.

Voice: Example three.

C: Oh, I almost had a fit when my boss told me I had to work this weekend.

M: Okay, great examples. So, Erica, why don't you tell me what does it mean when you have a fit?

E: It means you get really angry and you can't control your emotions. So, maybe you start screaming and maybe some steam comes out of your ears.

M: Hehe. Okay, that's having a fit.

E: Exactly.

M: Excellent. Okay, let's take a look at our next word nowcut through.

E: Cut through.

M: Cut through.

E: Cut through.

M: When you cut through something, it means you just

E: Go through.

M: Go through.

E: Yeah, quite simple. Itit gives you the idea that you go through something quickly.

M: Quickly, so, I can saylet's cut through the park”.

E: Yep, orlet's cut through the backyard”.

M: Okay, go through.

E: Uhu.

M: And this takes us to our last word for todayshortcut.

E: Shortcut.

M: Shortcut.

E: Shortcut.

M: This is a really common word and not many people know about it.

E: Yeah, you're right, it's two simple words that when you fit them together, the meaning changes. It'sit's a great example of this real English we talk about.

M: And it means to take a shorter way somewhere.

E: Exactly, so, if I take a shortcut, I go the short way.

M: Okay, so, going back just a little bit to cut through. If I cut through the park, that's basically a shortcut.

E: Exactly!

M: Alright.

E: Okay.

M: Now it's clear.

E: Okay.

M: Now it's time to listen to our dialogue again, but this time it's gonna be slower, so then we can understand all these words that we just talked about.

DIALOGUE, SECOND TIME (slow)

E: Okay, well, I think that was a lot more clear this time. You know, there's some great language in that dialogue and I would like to look at how we canput it together”.

Voice: Putting it together.

M: Okay, so, today on putting it together we have three phrases for you.

E: And we're gonna show you how you can use these phrases like a native speaker.

M: Okay, so, all of these phrases we heard in the dialogue. Why don't we start with the first one? Make a…

E: Make a…

M: So, in the dialogue they saymake a left here”.

E: Yeah, and we can extend this phrase to say make a right.

M: Uhu. That would be the equivalent of sayingturn left”.

E: Orturn right”.

M: Turn right. And there's one moremake a U-turn.

E: Exactly, that means turn the car a hundred and eighty degrees, all the way around.

M: Make a U-turn.

E: So, make a left, make a right, make a U-turn.

M: Uhu. If you ever are in a taxi and you're telling the taxi driver where to go, this is the perfect way: make a left here, make a right there.

E: Okay, so, let's move to our second phrase and it is are you nuts?

M: Are you nuts?

E: Are you nuts? So, this is a great way of saying

M: Are you crazy?

E: Are you insane?

M: Are you mad?

E: So, when would we use a phrase like this?

M: If somebody has a bad idea that you don't agree with, you would sayare you crazy?” orare you nuts?”

E: So, Marco, let's stop this podcast right now!

M: Are you nuts?

E: Okay, I think that's a good example of how we can use this phrase.

M: Yes.

E: So, are you nuts? Are you insane? Are you mad?

M: So, let's listen to some examples of are you nuts?

Voice: Example one.

A: You wanna get married now? Are you nuts? You only met up three weeks ago.

Voice: Example two.

B: Are you nuts? I'm not going to cheat on the exam. What if I get caught?

E: So, I think that's clear and now we can move to our third phrase which is let's take a side street.

M: Let's take a side street.

E: Let's take a side street.

M: Again, so, if you're in a taxi, this is a great way to suggest a route.

E: Or suggest a direction.

M: Right.

E: So, we can take this phrase and extend it out with a few more words. We might saylet's take Wilson Avenue”.

M: Right, orlet's take the highway”.

E: So, let's take a side street, let's take Wilson Avenue, let's take the freeway.

M: Okay, so now, let's take a listen to this dialogue a third time at its normal speed and now you can understand everything that's in this dialogue.

DIALOGUE, THIRD TIME

E: Well, this dialogue is all about driving, right?

M: Yes.

E: And in North America where both of us are from

M: Uhu.

E: Uh, driving is everything.

M: Everybody has a car.

E: When did you get a car?

M: I… well, my car I got when I was likemaybenineteen.

E: Really?

M: But I learned how to drive and I was driving already by the age of sixteen.

E: Yeah, that's the thing, in many countries you have to wait till I think you're eighteen to drive, but, uh, in North America everyone has a driver's license by the time they're sixteen years old.

M: Yeah, yeah, I guess everything is so far away that you need a car.

E: Yeah, it's a lot less likely to have, uh, subways or trains to travel by in North America.

M: Alright, so, now you have all the tools necessary to give directions the next time you're in a car or in a taxi.

E: Well, everyone, I really hope you enjoyed this lesson. Now, I want to remind you all to come to our EnglishPod website at englishpod.com and here you'll find a lot of tools to help you understand our podcasts better. So, with that, until next timethis is good bye!

M: Bye!

Click on all unknown words in order to find out their translation, and so understand their meaning in the current context.
For translating phrases press Ctrl and click on multiple words.